Iraqi Bravery Medal c.1986, Iran-Iraq War (1980-88)

Iraqi Bravery Medal  c.1986, Iran-Iraq War (1980-88)

The Iran–Iraq War, was an armed conflict between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Iraq lasting from September 1980 to August 1988, making it the 20th century’s longest conventional war.
The war cost both sides in lives and economic damage: half a million Iraqi and Iranian soldiers, with an equivalent number of civilians, are believed to have died, with many more injured; however, the war brought neither reparations nor changes in borders. The conflict has been compared World War I in terms of the tactics used, including large-scale trench warfare with barbed wire stretched across trenches, manned machine-gun posts, bayonet charges, human wave attacks across a no-man’s land, and extensive use of chemical weapons such as mustard gas by the Iraqi government against Iranian troops, civilians, and Iraqi Kurds (The Halabja Chemical Attack/Massacre).
At the time of the conflict, the U.N. Security Council issued statements that “chemical weapons had been used in the war.” U.N. statements never clarified that only Iraq was using chemical weapons, and according to retrospective authors “the international community remained silent as Iraq used weapons of mass destruction against Iranians as well as Iraqi Kurds.

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